What is Cystitis?

Uncomplicated UTI is defined as an infection occurring in a structurally and functionally normal urinary tract.

Complicated UTI is when an infection happens in an abnormal urinary tract, or there is already an infection from some other part of the body/ blood that has spread to the urinary tract.

How does it happen?

Most UTIs are caused by bacteria that live in the bowel E. coli cause 70–90% most cases of uncomplicated UTI

What are the common symptoms?

Is it dangerous?

Not usually, unless the bacteria has traveled upward to the kidneys

How can it be diagnosed?

How can it be treated?

What can I do to help prevent it?


Minardi, D., d’ Anzeo, G., Cantoro, D., Conti, A., & Muzzonigro, G. (2011). Urinary tract infections in women: etiology and treatment options. International Journal of General Medicine, 4, 333–343. http://doi.org/10.2147/IJGM.S11767

Najar, M. S., Saldanha, C. L., & Banday, K. A. (2009). Approach to urinary tract infections. Indian Journal of Nephrology, 19(4), 129–139. http://doi.org/10.4103/0971-4065.59333

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) — ACOG. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Urinary-Tract-Infections-UTIs

46 Effective And Natural Home Remedies For UTI (ULTIMATE HOW-TO GUIDE). (2017, February 21). Retrieved from http://www.ultimatehomeremedies.com/home-remedies-uti/

About Dr. Martha Tara Lee

Surrounded by friends who were sexually inhibited and struck by dire lack of positive conversations around sex and sexuality in Singapore, Dr. Martha Tara Lee set out to make a positive difference in embarking on her doctorate in human sexuality before launching Eros Coaching in 2009. Today, she remains dedicated to working with individuals and couples who wish to lead self-actualised and pleasure-filled lives.

She also holds certificates in counselling, coaching and sex therapy, and her fourth degree — a Masters in Counselling in May 2018. In practice for more than nine years, she is the only certified sexuality educator and certified sexuality educator supervisor by the American Association of Sexuality Educators, Counselors and Therapists (AASECT) in Singapore.

Often cited in the local media, Dr. Lee is the appointed sex expert for Men’s Health Singapore, and Men’s Health Malaysia. She was recognised as one of ‘Top 50 Inspiring Women Under 40′ by Her World in July 2010, and one of ‘Top 100 Inspiring Women’ by CozyCot in March 2011. She is the host of weekly radio show Eros Evolution on the OMTimes Radio Network. She has published three books: Love, Sex and Everything In-Between, Orgasmic Yoga and From Princess to Queen.

Martha works with individuals and couples in private coaching sessions, and conducts her own workshops. She takes prides in making sure all her workshops are also fun, educational, and sex-positive. This comes easily to her because even though she is extremely dedicated and serious about her work, she fundamentally believes that sex is meant to be fun, wonderful, amazing and sacred. As such, this serious light-heartedness has shone through again and again. For her full profile, click here. Email her here.

Relationship Counselor and Clinical Sexologist of Eros Coaching. AASECT Cert Sexuality Educator Supervisor. Author of 4 books. www.ErosCoaching.com